FANDOM


A quick look at the recent history of Afghanistan.

2001: Post 9/11Edit

September 11 ---- Two major landmarks of the U.S. the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, are targeted by the Taliban, a Muslim terrorist group. 2,749 people died and the American public called for retaliation.[1]

September 11 burning

Twin Towers first hit.

October 7 ---- The Bush Administration and Britain launched Operation: Enduring Freedom and invades Afghanistan. Their goal is to flush out the Taliban and Al-Qaeda and capture Osama Bin Laden, Taliban leader, and then leave. 3 days earlier, NATO forces blocked arms and weapons of mass destruction from reaching Afghanistan.

November --- On the 9th, city of Mazar-i-Sharif falls too the Northern Alliance forces. Days later, Kabul is also captured. Other important cities follow the trend. The Taliban loses its hold on Afghanistan. [2a]

December --- Bin Laden, Mullah Muhammad Omar, and other senior members escape from approaching U.S. army. The Taliban falls and Afghanistan is finally freed from decades of oppression. On the 11, an interim government is set up for the next six months.Hamid Karzai is chosen as interim President. [2b]


2002: American InvasionEdit

January -- Peacekeepers from different countries are sent to aid the Afghan population.[3a]

Hamid-Karzai 8

Hamid Karzai speaking to the public.

April 18 --- Mohammed Zaher Shah, former King of Afghanistan, returns after 27 years of exile.


May ---The International Security Assistance Force (Isaf), established in December 2001, extends its stay until December 2002.

June 13 --- The Loyal Jirga (Grand Assembly) elects Karzai as the new President for the next two years.

December --- Afghanistan signs a 'Good Neighbor' declaration with six neighboring countries. [4]


2003: A Short Period of PeaceEdit

January 2 --- The current Afghani is introduced as the national currency.

August 11 --- Nato takes over security in Kabul and works on improving it for the safety of the civilians. It is the first operation out of the Euro-Atlantic region.[5]

Septemeber --- Draft of what would to become the Afghanistan Constituion is presented for the Loya Jirga to approve.


December --- Sebghatullah Mojadedi is chosen as the Jirga President. He presides over the Constitution of Afghanistan debate.


2004: The Ratifcation of the ConstitutionEdit

Afghan-women-vote

Women lining up in Kabul to vote.

January 4 ---- The Loya Lirga adopts the constitution. The constitution calls for a Presidential system and a Grand Assembly. The constitution also touched on Women's Right, education, and the national lanquage.


September --- An attempt upon Interim-President Karzai is made.


October-November ---- The Presidential election begins. Women are allowed to vote and Karzai wins by a landslide. He recieves 55% of the votes casted and amazingly no military interference were found.[3b]


2005:Edit

February --- A long and terrible winter hits Afganistan and hundreds of people die due to starvation, lack of supplies, and natural disasters.


September --- Afghanistan holds it's first parliamentary election under the new democratic government.

ReferencesEdit

1. ^"Facts about the Attacks on the World Trade Center, WTC, on 911 - September 11th, 2001."WTC 9/11 World Trade Center 911 5th Anniversary Memorial Music Video. Web. 12 May 2011. <http://www.wtc911.us/wtc_911_facts.html>.

2. ^ a b Size, Font. "The War in Afghanistan: A Timeline - CBS News." Breaking News Headlines: Business, Entertainment & World News - CBS News. Web. 11 May 2011. <http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/12/01/ap/government/main5850224.shtml>.

3.^a b "BBC News - Afghanistan - Timeline." BBC News - Home. Web. 13 May 2011. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/1162108.stm>.

4.^"Afghanistan." U.S. Department of State. Web. 12 May 2011 <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5380.htm>.


5.^"NATO Update: NaTO Take on Afghanistan Mission - 11 Aug 2003."

NATO - Homepage. Web. 14 May 2011.

<http://www.nato.int/docu/update/2003/08-august/e0811a.htm>.